Well known for its scenic beauty, favorable climate, cultural values and historical significance. The city is beautified by an inner tier of mountain ridges as Hantana towards south. The city is bounded by the Mahaweli Ganga along the entire western, northern and eastern sections. On the north shore of the lake, which is enclosed by a parapet of white stone dating to the beginning of the 19th century, are the city’s official religious monuments, including the Royal Palace and the Temple of the Tooth, known as the Dalada Maligawa. The Royal Botanical Garden, Peradeniya is situated about 5 km to the west of the city centre at Peradeniya and is visited by 1.2 million people per year. It is the largest botanical garden on the island.